the KA Football Big Data Analytics System
Rating algorithms in 10 points
What is the KA Football Big Data Analytics System?
The KA Football Big Data Analytics System comprises algorithms that arrange information on clubs or football leagues into a specific hierarchy, from a global perspective.
How is big data used to create football (soccer) rankings?
The KA Football Big Data System gathers data from matches played globally and assigns specific point values to players, clubs, or national teams. These values are then transposed into final ranking values for the clubs, leagues, and federations.
How are league and club rankings determined?
You can find it out by reading below the description of the procedure used in the KA Big Data Football System. The procedure is described in 10 steps: #1 AIF Procedure, #2 Nations Football Reputability Index, #3 Continental Indexes, #4 Continental Performance Factors, #5 Continental Club Rankings, #6 Continental Leagues Rankings, #7 Global Leagues Ranking – settings, #8 Global Leagues Ranking Scheme, #9 Global Club Ranking – settings, #10 Global Club Ranking Scheme.
What methods are applied the the KA Football Big Data Analytics System?
The KA Big Data Analytics System refrains from employing statistical methods for forecasting football betting outcomes. Clubs from different leagues do not frequently face each other, and some have never competed before. And by no means can it be said that the leagues are playing matches against each other. Hence, we have adopted a multi-factor approach in this system, which leverages the ELO rating system and matrix points system.
This approach places a significant emphasis on assessing the prestige and status of football leagues and clubs. For instance, imagine you are a budding football player from an underprivileged area. You have been presented with three options: an professional contract from a highly acclaimed Arab club in a prestigious Arab league, a subpar European club from a mediocre European league, or a decent club from a superb league in South America. The KA provides the solution.
By analysing data, football leagues and clubs from around the world can be compared objectively. The analysis considers the reputation and profile of the leagues and clubs, particularly their global visibility. The KA system also serves as a conventional strenght ranking system. The final factor taken into account is the power of attraction, which is understood as the ability to attract players from around the world.
The final ranking result is determined by the combination of reputation, strength, and attractiveness.
How useful are the KA Football Big Data Analytics System and the KA Rating System?
The rankings provide players, coaches or investors with information on how to plan their careers or invest assets. They look at the value of leagues or clubs, which is understood as a resultant of their reputation, strength and attraction. The rankings also refine the knowledge of all stakeholders in football, including experts, journalists, as well as fans participating in sports betting.
The global view for the football
Rankings perceive the football world as of the global view. What does mean the global view? Image that you are alien or astronaut, and you are looking at the earth. You see luminous great metropolis, glittering cities, but you can’t make out small towns and villages. It doesn’t matter, that one small town is greater than other, because you cant see them from your perspective. This the global view. It’s the same with small football (soccer) clubs or lower football divisions. There is boundary behind which is the invisible world. Global ranking doesn’t see football objects which are on the other side of the mirror. To be rated demands to be noticeable.
Meeting a criteria to be globally noticed
In essence, there are three criteria used to verify a club’s international status.
Firstly, the club must have competed and achieved satisfactory results in recent seasons of continental competitions, specifically in tournaments with continental championship (champions league) status.
Secondly, if the club’s players significantly affect the national teams’ results in the FWC or continental championships (such as EURO or Copa America), the club will be granted international status and ranking qualification also (the AIF method).
Thirdly, if a club plays games in a highly ranked league can be granted an international status, regardless of its non-participation in continental competitions or the lack of impact its players on national football teams in major tournaments.
In terms of leagues, the classification follows partly similar criteria.
Firstly, clubs from a certain league should have participated in the last seasons of the continental competition.
Secondly, an essential element for qualification to a higher classified level is that the players of the league in question have had a significant impact on the results of the national teams achieved in the FWC or continental championships.
Thirdly, football divisions that do not occupy the top-tier within their national league system can gain global recognition even if they fail to meet the criteria outlined above. This recognition is granted if the first-tier league in the national league system boasts a high world rating.
In addition, one important feature of the system must be borne in mind. The KA algorithms operate within the FIFA architecture, with two main consequences.
Firstly, the football community that the system recognizes is divided in the same way as FIFA’s structure. Good results in a continental championship are considered prestigious and significant, irrespective of the continent’s strength. Secondly, this system does not include countries, clubs, or divisions outside the FIFA structure.
Attraction & Impact Factors (AIF) procedure is based on determining the level of activity of players in the most important competitions in which national teams take part. The recently completed FIFA World Cup and 6 continental championships (UEFA Euro, Coupe d’Afrique des Nations, Asian Cup, CONCACAF Gold Cup, OFC Nations Cup and Copa América) are considered.
Every player receives points, which are derived from the results of the national team to which he was capped and the number of minutes he had on the pitch. Players points are sum up, if they play in the same club or the same league.
The initial scores are then transposed:
- to the point value of the clubs in which these players play (Club AIF)
- to the point value of the leagues from which the above clubs come (Leagues AIF or Flow Impact Index / FI2)
- to the point value of continents (understood as 6 federations/confederations belonging to FIFA), based on points awarded to leagues of countries which are associated in a given continental federation (AIF Continent).
Each “AIF” has two components: the global relating to FWC, and the continental referring to the continental championships.
Based on the results of national teams and other criteria related to the activity of countries in the football world, the Nations Football Reputability Index (NFRI) is created. This ranking goes back the furthest and covers up to 16 years back.
The NFRI shows the position of the country in the football world, from the perspective of its overall recognition, reputation, prestige and quality of players.
The NFRI supplies numbers applied to rankings of leagues, as well as to continents (federation) ranking (also the AIF has little use of the NFRI). It is the only one primal algorithm in the KA Football Big Data Analytics System doesn’t use other procedure. However, value impact of the NFRI for the KA Rating System is rather low. Its relevance is rather subsidiary and corrective.
Based on the value of the AIF Continent, NFRI points and the results of matches played within intercontinental tournaments (primarily FIFA Club World Cup), the Continents Ranking is determined. The ranking indicates the strength of the continents in terms of a club football.
The order of continental federations is determined on the basis of the PIF (Power Index Federation) indicator. The VIF (Virtual Performance Index Federation) and BIF (Balanced Index Federation) values are also assigned to the continents.
Continental indicators support almost all other algorithms used within the KA Football Big Data Analytics System. To some extent, the procedure also goes back to step #1, as the continental component of the FI2 requires regional adjustment.
Continental Performance Factors (CPF) measure clubs performance in the international club competitions (mostly continental). The CPF Procedure imply many indicators used for both the leagues rankings and the club rankings.
Based on the ELO method, all official international matches played as part of continental competitions, such as the Champions League or other continental cups, create the point value of the clubs.
Points are calculated according to the formula:
ELO Change = I2 ⋅ IDG ⋅ (MO − EMO)
I2 – Importance Index
IDG – Index Difference Goals
MO – Match Outcome
EMO – Expected Match Outcome
while the EMO is calculated as:
CARC = Number of clubs in the ranking ÷ 2
RD – Ranking Difference
Points obtained in the rankings are converted into the universal RPS (Relative Point Score) formula.
The competitions which are taken into account are: UEFA Champions League, UEFA Europa League, UEFA Europa Conference League, Copa Libertadores, Copa Sudamericana, AFC Champions League, AFC Cup, CONCACAF Champions League, CONCACAF League, Leagues Cup, CONCACAF Caribbean Club Championship, CAF Champions League, CAF Confederation Cup and OFC Champions League. Super Cups and FCWC as well as similar games also get included.
Also check the pages & posts covering the rankings for a specific period & continent, where there you will also find a lot of information explaining the operation of the rankings.
Pursuant to the ELO value assigned to each club, the KA Continental Club Rankings are created.
Rankings are created separately for each continent (federation).
The points obtained in the Continental Club Rankings in combination with the PIF value give the basic indicator used for the purposes of the global ranking, i.e. IC3 (Inter-Continental Club Coefficient).
A derivative of the Continental Club Ranking is the ranking of countries from the one certain continent, referring to a club football (the KA Continental Leagues Rankings).
RPS points obtained in the Continental Leagues Rankings in combination with the PIF value give the basic indicator used for the purposes of the global ranking, i.e. ICLP (Inter-Continental League Points).
The are supplied also additional values of “ICLP” with te combination with the VIF and the BIF.
#7 Global Leagues Ranking
= (3 x ICLP + 2 x FI2 + NFRI) / 6
Based on these points, the KA Football Leagues Global Rating is created twice a year.
The KA Rating System for global evaluation of leagues is based on the scheme where there are 4 (four) Tiers.
Each of the Tier is divided into Classes. The highest Tier has two Classes. The others have 3 Classes.
Classes, with the exception of the Classes assigned to the lowest Tier, are marked with asterisks, from 6 to 0.5 asterisk (white asterisk). They are called “the Chamber” the basic Range of Ranking. The 9th and the 10th class are also called “the Antechamber” (the 2nd Range). The last 11th Class is recognized as a separate Range, named “the Yard” (the 3rd Range).
As part of the calculation of the world leagues ranking, basic system values are also determined, which are used in other algorithms of the KA System, primarily Max System Coefficient and Min System Coefficient.
Learn more about the KA Football Leagues Global Rating →
Also check the pages publishing the ranking for a specific period or summary posts, where there you will also find a lot of information explaining the operation of the ranking.
Within the KA Football Leagues Global Rating leagues are divided into mentioned above Ranges, Tiers and Classes and they are arranged in two separate tables.
The Home Table displays leagues of international standing, with the Chamber Range featuring leagues with worldwide recognition, while the Antechamber Range combines leagues with domestic prominence but potential for international acclaim.
In contrast, the Yard Table (peripheral table) highlights leagues that are visible from a global perspective but do not exert a significant influence in world club football.
Leagues that are not noticeable on a global scale are not included in the Yard Table. This kind of sort do not have an unequivocal rating value.
The grading structure is organised into Tiers and Classes, and in part by subclasses..
There are: World Tier (Ultimate & Top), Continental Tier (Upper, Prime & Lower), Inter-Zone Tier (Upper, Middle & Lower) and Domestic Tier (Intermediate, Secondary & Elementary).
The Elementary Class (the Yard Range) is divided into subclasses (degrees): National, Union, Regional and Local.
The Local Degree (the last 4th subclass remaining outside the Yard Table) covers all leagues not classified in larger levels, where they are cumulatively listed in one position.
This means that leagues by name in the ranking top top Home Table are placed in 10 (ten) classes, in turn named leagues in the Yard Table are located in 3 (three) subclasses.
Placing a certain league in a specific range or class does not result only from the figure of TKLP assigned to a specific league, but also from meeting certain classification criteria. These criteria are determined on the basis of a combination of the FI2 (AIF Leagues) values, the position occupied in the Continental Leagues Ranking and continental indicators: PIF, VIF and BIF.
From the world leagues ranking, certain values are obtained that are utilized in the global club ranking. These values comprise of the KA League Coefficient (TKLC) and the League Threshold (LT). In particular, the KA League Coefficient plays a crucial role in establishing the KA Club Coefficient (33% of the total weight).
Firstly, DC3 (Domestic Club Coefficient) is set, and It is calculated on the basis of current national tables.
This coefficient is calculated according to the formula:
= (IC3 x 3 + TKLC x 2 + DC2) / 6
For clubs of lower quality, an alternative ARC (AnteChamber Rating Coefficient) value is calculated, which is finally converted to the KA Club Coefficient.
Based on the the KA Club Coefficient value and additional qualification criteria, the KA Football Club Global Rating is determined.
Learn more about the KA Football Club Global Rating →
Also check the pages publishing the ranking for a specific period or summary posts there you will also find a lot of information explaining the operation of the ranking.
As in the case of the global leagues ranking, clubs are assigned to specific Ranges, Tiers and Classes.
Ranges are the same as for Leagues Ranking, i.e. the Chamber (the 1st Range), the AnteChamber (the 2nd Range) and the Yard (the 3rd Range).
There is one Rating Table covering clubs from the Chamber (classes 1-8) and AnteChamber (classes 9-10). The Yard Table is not created for clubs.
Allocation for Ranges, Tiers and Classes is making not only through amount of the KA Club Coefficient, but over to special conditions (algorithms).
There are a total of 20 eligibility criteria (within the basic division, the so-called national algorithms and continental algorithms are distinguished). Qualifying algorithms use a variety of variable values such as: positions taken in national league tables (with the simultaneous use of the League Threshold), positions hold in continental rankings and points obtained there, as well as the Club AIF values.
For clubs there is applied following scheme: High Tier (Supreme & Top), Master Tier (Grand, Principal & Standard), Pro Athletic Tier (Upper, Advanced & Qualified) and Regular Athletic Tier (the Bench, the Scarf & the Pitch).
The last 11th Pitch Class (the Yard Range) covers all clubs not classified in larger levels, where they are cumulatively listed in one position.
This means that clubs listed by name in the ranking Table are placed in 10 (ten) classes.
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the KA System Matrix
Components & OUTPUTS