the KA Football Big Data Analytics System
Rating algorithms in 10 points
What is the KA Football Big Data Analytics System?
the KA Football Big Data Analytics System is a set of algorithms that allow you to systematize information about clubs or football (soccer) leagues by ordering them in a certain hierarchy as of the global view.
How is big data used to create football (soccer) rankings?
the KA Football Big Data Football System obtains data from the results of matches played around the world, and then transposes specific point values, which in the first phase of calculation are assigned to players, clubs or national teams, to the final ranking values attributed to the specific clubs, leagues and federations.
How are league and club rankings determined?
You can find it out by reading below the description of the procedure used in the KA Big Data Football System. The procedure is described in 10 steps: #1 AIF Procedure, #2 Nations Football Reputability Index, #3 Continental Indexes, #4 Continental Performance Factors, #5 Continental Club Rankings, #6 Continental Leagues Rankings, #7 Global Leagues Ranking – settings, #8 Global Leagues Ranking Scheme, #9 Global Club Ranking – settings, #10 Global Club Ranking Scheme.
What methods are applied the the KA Football Big Data Analytics System?
The KA Big Data Analytics System doesn’t utilize statistical football prediction methods, that are specific for betting. Leagues do not play matches between themselves, as countries do through their national teams. There are many clubs in the world that have never played a match against each other, and are likely not to play such a match. It is not necessary, and essentially do not possible, therefore to deliver prediction ranking if we take into consideration whole world football space. Therefore the multi factor method is applied in the system, that benefit from Elo rating system, as well as matrix points, considerably focused on measure of reputability & renown.
What does it mean the reputability & renown? Imagine that you are young footballer from undeveloped region and you have proposal for professional contract eg from top Arab club from top Arab league, weak European club from an average European league, and an average club from very good league in South America. What will you choose? the KA gives you answer.
By analyzing the data, we are able to compare football leagues and clubs for all the word, taking into consideration first of all the reputability and renown, subject to they are visible for global perspective. However the KA is a power rating system to a certain extent also, because the reputability and renown are related to a power. Other side of power is the power of attraction too.
When analyzing the essence of the club ranking and league ranking, we can notice some differences. Leagues are rated rather according to their renown, club rating is more targeted for a strength, but both we applied wide factors variety.
Ultimately, therefore, this is what is considered in the rankings that leagues and clubs are rated as of resultant of their renown, power and attraction.
How is the KA Football Big Data Analytics System and the KA Rating System useful?
Rankings give the answer to players, coaches or investors – how to plan a career or invest assets, looking at the value of leagues or clubs understood as a resultant of their reputation (renown), strength and attraction. The results of the rankings also refine the knowledge of all the people involved in football e.g. experts, journalists, as well as fans participating in sports betting.
The global view for the football
Rankings perceive the football world as of the global view. What does mean the global view? Image that you are alien or astronaut, and you are looking at the earth. You see luminous great metropolis, glittering cities, but you can’t make out small towns and villages. It doesn’t matter, that one small town is greater than other, because you cant see them from your perspective. This the global view. It’s the same with small football (soccer) clubs or lower football divisions. There is boundary behind which is the invisible world. Global ranking doesn’t see football objects which are on the other side of the mirror. To be rated demands to be noticeable.
Meeting a criteria to be globally noticed
What does it mean to be noticed. First of all we must consider decent level of an international presence. Club has the international presence if it play matches in the international competition, like Champions League or other continental cups, at least in the last season. Other mean for a club to be noticed as a global gamer is to have its players participated in the national teams championship, like Copa America, Euro or FWC (we call this procedure as “Attraction & Impact Factors – AIF”).
Only way for an underdog club (in a worldwide sens) to get the rating from the global perspective is to have the international presence. It doesn’t matter what position it has on its domestic league.
A club in a mid-level league has a bit more opportunities to be rated globally. It should have, as a rule, the international presence too , but if it win the league or national cup or take decent place in the table (proportional to the league index) it doesn’t need to have to have the international presence if that club have to be globally assessed.
Only club playing games in a high rated league has always default qualification to the global ranking, and it doesn’t need to play matches in the International club competitions.
However, as regards to football leagues, they must have the international presence. There is not other way, a as a rule, to get to the global ranking.
Leagues have international presence if they operate with clubs with the international presence. What about lower level (tier) divisions? Clubs from such leagues don’t stand a chance to have international matches. However they have opportunity to be global rated. First of all they need to seize opportunities resulting from the second way to have the international presence, described above for clubs (the AIF Procedure). They must have players participated in the national teams championship. It concern a small numbers of countries, but this occurs.
Apart from the above, there is other specific path for lower divisions. The high rated leagues are always recognizes as objects with double nature. The first feature is the league as itself. The second, this is the national leagues system. It means, that high rated league is pulling lower division from the same country up with it. In consequence, the lower division, even if it doesn’t have the international presence, it takes scraps from the table left by the top national division, making it visible in the global market. But it works only for some the best leagues system in the world.
Finally, there is one important circumstance. The KA algortihms operate with FIFA architecture. This has two basic consequences. The first, the football world recognized by the system is divided as the same as FIFA is structured. Getting the championship of the continent is glorious and important, no matter how the continent is strong. Secondly, the system don’t see countries, clubs and divisions outside of the FIFA family.
Attraction & Impact Factors (AIF) procedure is based on determining the level of activity of players in the most important competitions in which national teams take part. The recently completed FIFA World Cup and 6 continental championships (UEFA Euro, Coupe d’Afrique des Nations, Asian Cup, CONCACAF Gold Cup, OFC Nations Cup and Copa América) are considered.
Every player receives points, which are derived from the results of the national team to which he was capped and the number of minutes he had on the pitch. Players points are sum up, if they play in the same club or the same league.
The initial scores are then transposed:
- to the point value of the clubs in which these players play (Club AIF)
- to the point value of the leagues from which the above clubs come (Leagues AIF or Flow Impact Index / FI2)
- to the point value of continents (understood as 6 federations/confederations belonging to FIFA), based on points awarded to leagues of countries which are associated in a given continental federation (AIF Continent).
Each “AIF” has two components: the global relating to FWC, and the continental referring to the continental championships.
Based on the results of national teams and other criteria related to the activity of countries in the football world, the Nations Football Reputability Index (NFRI) is created. This ranking goes back the furthest and covers up to 16 years back.
The NFRI shows the position of the country in the football world, from the perspective of its overall recognition, reputation, prestige and quality of players.
The NFRI provides numbers applied to rankings of leagues, as well as to continents (federation) ranking (also the AIF has little use of the NFRI). It is the only one primal algorithm in the KA Football Big Data Analytics System doesn’t use other procedure. However, value impact of the NFRI for the KA Rating System is rather low. Its relevance is rather subsidiary and corrective.
Based on the value of the AIF Continent, NFRI points and the results of matches played within intercontinental tournaments (primarily FIFA Club World Cup), the Continents Ranking is determined. The ranking indicates the strength of the continents in terms of a club football.
The order of continental federations is determined on the basis of the PIF (Power Index Federation) indicator. The VIF (Virtual Performance Index Federation) and BIF (Balanced Index Federation) values are also assigned to the continents.
Continental indicators support almost all other algorithms used within the KA Football Big Data Analytics System. To some extent, the procedure also goes back to step #1, as the continental component of the FI2 requires regional adjustment.
Continental Performance Factors (CPF) measure clubs performance in the international club competitions (mostly continental). The CPF Procedure imply many indicators used for both the leagues rankings and the club rankings.
Based on the ELO method, all official international matches played as part of continental competitions, such as the Champions League or other continental cups, create the point value of the clubs.
Points are calculated according to the formula:
ELO Change = I2 ⋅ IDG ⋅ (MO − EMO)
I2 – Importance Index
IDG – Index Difference Goals
MO – Match Outcome
EMO – Expected Match Outcome
while the EMO is calculated as:
CARC = Number of clubs in the ranking ÷ 2
RD – Ranking Difference
Points obtained in the rankings are converted into the universal RPS (Relative Point Score) formula.
The competitions which are taken into account are: UEFA Champions League, UEFA Europa League, UEFA Europa Conference League, Copa Libertadores, Copa Sudamericana, AFC Champions League, AFC Cup, CONCACAF Champions League, CONCACAF League, Leagues Cup, CONCACAF Caribbean Club Championship, CAF Champions League, CAF Confederation Cup and OFC Champions League. Super Cups and FCWC as well as similar games also get included.
Learn more about Continental Rankings and Continental Performance Factors →
Also check the pages & posts covering the rankings for a specific period & continent, where there you will also find a lot of information explaining the operation of the rankings.
Pursuant to the ELO value assigned to each club, the KA Continental Club Rankings are created.
Rankings are created separately for each continent (federation).
The points obtained in the Continental Club Rankings in combination with the PIF value give the basic indicator used for the purposes of the global ranking, i.e. IC3 (Inter-Continental Club Coefficient).
A subsidiary value is also set for clubs: IC2 Pts (Inter-Continental Club Poins). IC2 Pts is calculated as = RPS x PIF.
A derivative of the Continental Club Ranking is the ranking of countries from the one certain continent, referring to a club football (the KA Continental Leagues Rankings).
RPS points obtained in the Continental Leagues Rankings in combination with the PIF value give the basic indicator used for the purposes of the global ranking, i.e. ICLP (Inter-Continental League Points).
The are supplied also additional values of “ICLP” with te combination with the VIF and the BIF.
#7 Global Leagues Ranking
= (3 x ICLP + 2 x FI2 + NFRI) / 6Based on these points, the KA Football Leagues Global Rating is created twice a year. The KA Rating System for global evaluation of leagues is based on the scheme where there are 4 (four) Tiers. Each of the Tier is divided into Classes. The highest Tier has two Classes. The others have 3 Classes. Classes, with the exception of the Classes assigned to the lowest Tier, are marked with asterisks, from 6 to 0.5 asterisk (white asterisk). They are called “the Chamber” the basic Range of Ranking. The 9th and the 10th class are also called “the Antechamber” (the 2nd Range). As part of the calculation of the world leagues ranking, basic system values are also determined, which are used in other algorithms of the KA System, primarily Max System Coefficient and Min System Coefficient. Learn more about the KA Football Leagues Global Rating → Also check the pages publishing the ranking for a specific period or summary posts, where there you will also find a lot of information explaining the operation of the ranking.
Within the KA Football Leagues Global Rating leagues are divided into mentioned above Ranges, Tiers and Classes.
Two separate tables are created: the Main Top Table covering the leagues from the Chamber (classes 1-8) and AnteChamber (classes 9-10) range, and the Yard Table covering the leagues from the Elementary class.
For Leagues, there are: World Tier (Ultimate & Top), Continental Tier (Upper, Prime & Lower), Inter-Zone Tier (Upper, Middle & Lower) and Domestic Tier (Intermediate, Secondary & Elementary).
The Yard Table (Elementary Class) is divided into subclasses (degrees): National, Union, Regional and Local.
The Local Degree (the last 4th subclass) covers all leagues not classified in larger levels, where they are cumulatively listed in one position.
This means that leagues by name in the ranking Main Top Table are placed in 10 (ten) classes, in turn named leagues in the Yard Table are located in 3 (three) subclasses.
Placing a certain league in a specific range or class does not result only from the figure of TKLP assigned to a specific league, but also from meeting certain classification criteria. These criteria are determined on the basis of a combination of the FI2 (AIF Leagues) values, the position occupied in the Continental Leagues Ranking and continental indicators: PIF, VIF and BIF.
From the world leagues ranking are imposed derivative values, which are used in the world ranking of clubs. These derived values include, in particular, the KA League Coefficient (TKLC) and the League Threshold (LT). The KA League Coefficient is extremely important for determining the KA Club Coefficient (weight 33%).
Firstly, DC3 (Domestic Club Coefficient) is set, and It is calculated on the basis of current national tables.
The IC3 in combination with the KA League Coefficient (TKLC) and DC2 calculates the basic club index, i.e. the KA Club Coefficient.
This coefficient is calculated according to the formula:
= (IC3 x 3 + TKLC x 2 + DC2) / 6
For clubs of lower quality, an alternative ARC (AnteChamber Rating Coefficient) value is calculated, which is finally converted to the KA Club Coefficient.
Based on the the KA Club Coefficient value and additional qualification criteria, the KA Football Club Global Rating is determined.
Learn more about the KA Football Club Global Rating →
Also check the pages publishing the ranking for a specific period or summary posts there you will also find a lot of information explaining the operation of the ranking.
As in the case of the global leagues ranking, clubs are assigned to specific Ranges, Tiers and Classes. The Yard Table is not created for clubs.
Allocation for Ranges, Tiers and Classes is making not only through amount of the KA Club Coefficient, but over to special conditions (algorithms).
There are a total of 20 eligibility criteria (within the basic division, the so-called national algorithms and continental algorithms are distinguished). Qualifying algorithms use a variety of variable values such as: positions taken in national league tables (with the simultaneous use of the League Threshold), positions hold in continental rankings and points obtained there, as well as the Club AIF values.
For clubs there is applied following scheme: High Tier (Supreme & Top), Master Tier (Grand, Principal & Standard), Pro Athletic Tier (Upper, Advanced & Qualified) and Regular Athletic Tier (the Bench, the Scarf & the Pitch).
The last 11th Pitch Class covers all clubs not classified in larger levels, where they are cumulatively listed in one position.
This means that clubs listed by name in the ranking Table are placed in 10 (ten) classes.
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the KA System Matrix
Components & OUTPUTS